My General View of Grape Harvesting

Wine is one of the most popular drinks in the world. There are countless grape fields dedicated to the sake of making wine. One of the most important steps in the production of wine is the harvesting of wine grape. In this article, we will feature basic knowledges about the grape harvesting.

1. The Time for Harvesting Wine Grape

In the north hemisphere, the harvesting season is around the late August to the early October. Some sparkling wine needs unripe grapes to maintain the acidity, the harvesting for these wine grapes will be around the late July to the early August.

A vine yard in California (in the north hemisphere)

In the south hemisphere, the majority of wine grapes will be harvested from February to April. In warmer places, the harvesting of grape can be as early as in January. In the cool sites, the harvest season is in June.

(more…)

Read more

Types of Wine

Humankind has chance to select their most suitable taste of wines among a variety of options. Wines are made from grapes, the fruit that are small in shape, contain seeds and have sweet taste. Depending on the regions where the grapes grow and types of grapes, we have different types of wines. The names of wines are classified based on colors, tastes, or their growing climate. The cool and dry season offers different favors than the warmer one. If you are overwhelmed by different labels of wines, keep on reading this article. It provides basic knowledge about different types of wine without any requirement of tasting. (more…)

Read more

The Main Red Grape Varieties of Wine

There are 4 main red grape varieties of French wine. The famous names of these bottles of French wine are: Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Pinot Noir and Syrah or Syraz

Cabernet Sauvignon

Origin: Bordeaux. Is now grown around the world.

Short description: The wines made from grapes grown on the left bank of the river in Bordeaux Rironde very tasty because the land here due to rapid drainage and gravel lot. Cabernet Sauvignon is the natural choice for the wine producers of the New World countries such as Australia, South Africa, North America and even Italy, Spain and Central Europe.

These red grape varieties with the dark green color and the thick shell should provide the necessary amounts of tannins, nice color and very fragrant. Characteristic taste of wine made from this grape variety is the smell of black fruit, old furniture, the smell of coffee, tobacco odor, smell Ciga, smelly cigar box, violets, mineral smell, the smell of green pepper (especially if somewhat under-ripe grapes), chocolate and so on Young wines and fruity flavors as diverse as the wine matured.

Merlot

Origin: Bordeaux. Currently, it is the main grape varieties in Italy and California.

Short description: The village is located on the left side there Rironde River Cabernet Sauvignon Merlot, the famous side have typically 2 Pemerol and St Emilion villages. This grape variety has the thin shell and the large fruit shape. The wines made from this grape flavored fruit cake, smelly black fruit, ripe cherries and plums. It is less tannic than Cabernet Sauvignon and frequently used for mixing when need be added to the five vintages.

Pinot Noir

Origin: Burgundy, Champagne is the main grape variety. At present, it is growing much like New Zealand, California and Australia.

Description: Many winemakers on planting vines TG trying to compete with wine in Burgundy but none achieved such excellent quality. However, New Zealand, California, Australia and South Africa also achieved much success, though widely known wines in these regions have the same general characteristics as fruit flavor quite different from bold Burgundy. This grape variety has the thin skin, growing in small bunches.

Pinot Noir has a vital role as one of three grape which is widely grown in the Champagne. The youngest are often the characteristic taste of red fruit flavors, plum blueberries, strawberries and chocolate. Alcohol also more mature horse hair smell, the smell of fur, farm smell, smell the smell of fertilizer and compost. That is great!

Syrah or Syraz

Origins: Rhône Valley, particularly in the north. Grown in Australia and in some other countries.

Features: Syrah is the grape that some famous wines in the northern Rhône valley, not only in Côte Rotie (this area many slopes, hot) and Cornas and Hermitage but also Croze – Hermitage. In Australia most people who drink are all familiar with the name of this Syrah, it is also found in inexpensive wines to wines of a farm like Penfolds, once treated as Hermitage.

This grape variety shell out high tannin wines with an animal and can be perennial. Late-ripening, so it is suitable for places with warmer weather as the Rhône and Australia. However, it also is grown in South Africa, Chile and California. Its taste can be similar to the fruity black, black pepper, but it gave the smell of raspberry, spice, and mint smell, the smell of barbecue, charcoal, smoke and tar. As an adult, it can add a special rubber smell northern Rhône.

 

Read more

A Brief Introduction of Wine

Wine seems to be an irreplaceable part of our life. From thousands of years ago, people had learnt how to make and consume wine. In this article, we will feature a brief introduction of wine.

What is wine?

Wine is an alcoholic beverage which is originally made from fermented grapes. Later on, people also use other fermented fruits to make wine. The fermentation process will turn the sugar in the grapes into ethanol and carbon dioxide. (more…)

Read more

The Marvelous History of Wine

Wine has been known as one of the oldest beverage of humankind. When talking about wine, it means we are mentioning about the special taste, wonderful nutrition and psychotropic effects. The existence of wine puts a strong impact on the culture and trade of many countries all over the world. Today, it is popularly used in the Catholic Church and other purposes.

No one can be sure about the origins of wine. According to the ancient written records, humans had found wild grapevines in the journey of picking fruits for daily demands. With the fermentation of juice, people could enjoy the low-alcohol wine. This process began around 10.000-8000 BC. It is evidence that wild grapes grow in many areas, such as Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Turkey and Iran. The grape fermenting occurred after the development of pottery in 11,000 BC.

Wine Fossils Over Sixty Million Years Old

Our ancestors left the first sign of sixty-million-year-old wine fossils in different places. Some first areas to help you find out remnants of wine are Zagros Mountains of Iran and Hajji Firuz Tepe. The predicted time for the appearance of wine is from 5400 to 5000 B.C. After 6000 B.C, it was time for wine making. People at this time tried to express their creations through the gradual domestication of plants and animals. Making wine is one of the remarkable revolutions that are remained in this days and ages.

Wine of ancient Egyptians

Egyptians drank different wine with the wine today. This is because they used a variety of ripe fruits to make wine, including multi color grapes, pomegranates, figs, etc…As a result; wine of Egyptians came with special taste.

To grow grapes, Egyptians used trellises to protect the grapes from hot sunlight. This should be done before 100 days of the grape harvest. The freshest and biggest grapes were hold in a large vat for the making process. Then, people will tread strongly on them to eliminate the bitter taste of wine.

Another efficient method was pressing grapes in a rectangle slough. Coming with durable wooden frame, it prevents the wine from overflowing.

There were 3 Egypt grades of wine, including the free run must, first run must and second run must. Each grade had the particular ingredients during the whole making process.  Besides, they could combine well with each other to create different tastes of the wine.

How Do Egyptians Make Wine? 

It is so simple for promoting the Egyptian fermentation process. All you need to do is matching the appropriate source of alcohol with the right amount of sugar. Add the yeast to support the process of producing alcohol. The amount of alcohol should be 15% according to the recommendations of Egypt professionals. In this environment, the yeast can easily survive. The length of time for fermentation determines the levels of consistency. Light consistency needs fermenting in a few days, whereas, the heavy consistency requires some weeks. Egyptians kept some parts of grapes to remain bright wine color and bitter taste. For example, red wine comes from the original color of grapes. You can keep the grape seeds for bitter taste. At this time, human used wine in special festivals and for loyalty. It also played a role as an antiseptic and serving sedating women.

Other ancient countries, which are well known for making wine, are China, Greeks and Roman. In US, there are 70% of the population have experience of beer drinking. It is evidence that wine drinking is not so popular in US and Australia nowadays.

 

Read more

Specificities of American Grape Wine

Since the man discovered how to make wine from several thousand years ago, the wine is the companion of man in both the happy and sad moments. We usually drink wine in meetings, festivals, wedding ceremonies, holidays and religious facilities.

Wine is the alcoholic beverage which is fermented from grapes, grains (rice, barley …) or vegetables (potatoes, apples …). Among them, the most preferred and popular type of wine is the grape wine. Let’s find out the specificities of American grape wine in this article.

The grape wine was divided into three categories: Wine (vin in French), Cognac and Champagne.

Wine

Wine is an alcoholic beverage fermented from grape juice. Red wines are usually fermented grape juice and rind while white wine is fermented grape juice only. One feature of the wine is fermented without distillation. Alcohol concentrations range from 8-18 degrees. American grape wines are generally classified according to the origin and the type of grape.

Cognac

Cognac is a brandy, 40% alcohol, produced in the Cognac region of France, is distilled from wine fermentation, after an incubation period in oak barrels before being brought bottled and sold around the world great.

Cognac, after twice distilled and spicy white wine due to very high concentrations, often above 40% alcohol. Cognac people have proof distilled liquor in the Tonneaux barrel with the 350-liter capacity, was closed by a special type of oak forests that grow in the mountains at the north of Limousin Cognac region.

The tree must be aged over 100 years to be lowered down. These young plants than for wine quality is not guaranteed. Cooper sawing wood into a rectangular plate, drying in the shade after 3 years to close the barrels sold to the distillery. Deputy of oak wood are fine grain, waterproof and contains tannins, substances key to the flavor and color of special Cognac, not mixed with other wines in the world.

After the wine in barrels, wine barrels are numbered in the order and put the wine in, then transferred to the Chais. Tunnel as far as possible, because it contains less oxygen does not make the wine was sour. After a fairly long duration, the wine will be taken out of the bucket, bottle. Based on the number of years has written on the wine barrel when put into comparison with the year for wine, the company will record the age of the wine on the label of the products sold in the market.

Champagne

Champagne is a sparkling wine, a concentration of 10-12%, which is fermented twice, first in wooden barrels, then extracted into the bottle, add sugar and fermented in the bottle.  Particularly the wooden barrels of wine containers have a special cap system, opens play online with enough time to exit without CO2 gas for other gasses to penetrate. When grapes ferment, people mix sugar, then decanted into bottles, placed upside down and incubated in sealed tunnels, from 3 to 6 years to bring to the market consumers.

Currently, there are three types of Champagne market: non-sweet type (brut), slightly sweet (demi-sec) and sweet (doux). Today Champagne makers draw stars as symbols on the labels of wine bottles as 1 star is 3 years, 4 years 2 star, 3-star and 5 years. The wines produced in other parts not called champagne, only to be called sparkling (vin mousseux, sparkling wine)

 

Read more