Wine has been known as one of the oldest beverage of humankind. When talking about wine, it means we are mentioning about the special taste, wonderful nutrition and psychotropic effects. The existence of wine puts a strong impact on the culture and trade of many countries all over the world. Today, it is popularly used in the Catholic Church and other purposes.
No one can be sure about the origins of wine. According to the ancient written records, humans had found wild grapevines in the journey of picking fruits for daily demands. With the fermentation of juice, people could enjoy the low-alcohol wine. This process began around 10.000-8000 BC. It is evidence that wild grapes grow in many areas, such as Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Turkey and Iran. The grape fermenting occurred after the development of pottery in 11,000 BC.
Wine Fossils Over Sixty Million Years Old
Our ancestors left the first sign of sixty-million-year-old wine fossils in different places. Some first areas to help you find out remnants of wine are Zagros Mountains of Iran and Hajji Firuz Tepe. The predicted time for the appearance of wine is from 5400 to 5000 B.C. After 6000 B.C, it was time for wine making. People at this time tried to express their creations through the gradual domestication of plants and animals. Making wine is one of the remarkable revolutions that are remained in this days and ages.
Wine of ancient Egyptians
Egyptians drank different wine with the wine today. This is because they used a variety of ripe fruits to make wine, including multi color grapes, pomegranates, figs, etc…As a result; wine of Egyptians came with special taste.
To grow grapes, Egyptians used trellises to protect the grapes from hot sunlight. This should be done before 100 days of the grape harvest. The freshest and biggest grapes were hold in a large vat for the making process. Then, people will tread strongly on them to eliminate the bitter taste of wine.
Another efficient method was pressing grapes in a rectangle slough. Coming with durable wooden frame, it prevents the wine from overflowing.
There were 3 Egypt grades of wine, including the free run must, first run must and second run must. Each grade had the particular ingredients during the whole making process. Besides, they could combine well with each other to create different tastes of the wine.
How Do Egyptians Make Wine?
It is so simple for promoting the Egyptian fermentation process. All you need to do is matching the appropriate source of alcohol with the right amount of sugar. Add the yeast to support the process of producing alcohol. The amount of alcohol should be 15% according to the recommendations of Egypt professionals. In this environment, the yeast can easily survive. The length of time for fermentation determines the levels of consistency. Light consistency needs fermenting in a few days, whereas, the heavy consistency requires some weeks. Egyptians kept some parts of grapes to remain bright wine color and bitter taste. For example, red wine comes from the original color of grapes. You can keep the grape seeds for bitter taste. At this time, human used wine in special festivals and for loyalty. It also played a role as an antiseptic and serving sedating women.
Other ancient countries, which are well known for making wine, are China, Greeks and Roman. In US, there are 70% of the population have experience of beer drinking. It is evidence that wine drinking is not so popular in US and Australia nowadays.