The Main Red Grape Varieties of Wine

There are 4 main red grape varieties of French wine. The famous names of these bottles of French wine are: Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Pinot Noir and Syrah or Syraz

Cabernet Sauvignon

Origin: Bordeaux. Is now grown around the world.

Short description: The wines made from grapes grown on the left bank of the river in Bordeaux Rironde very tasty because the land here due to rapid drainage and gravel lot. Cabernet Sauvignon is the natural choice for the wine producers of the New World countries such as Australia, South Africa, North America and even Italy, Spain and Central Europe.

These red grape varieties with the dark green color and the thick shell should provide the necessary amounts of tannins, nice color and very fragrant. Characteristic taste of wine made from this grape variety is the smell of black fruit, old furniture, the smell of coffee, tobacco odor, smell Ciga, smelly cigar box, violets, mineral smell, the smell of green pepper (especially if somewhat under-ripe grapes), chocolate and so on Young wines and fruity flavors as diverse as the wine matured.


Origin: Bordeaux. Currently, it is the main grape varieties in Italy and California.

Short description: The village is located on the left side there Rironde River Cabernet Sauvignon Merlot, the famous side have typically 2 Pemerol and St Emilion villages. This grape variety has the thin shell and the large fruit shape. The wines made from this grape flavored fruit cake, smelly black fruit, ripe cherries and plums. It is less tannic than Cabernet Sauvignon and frequently used for mixing when need be added to the five vintages.

Pinot Noir

Origin: Burgundy, Champagne is the main grape variety. At present, it is growing much like New Zealand, California and Australia.

Description: Many winemakers on planting vines TG trying to compete with wine in Burgundy but none achieved such excellent quality. However, New Zealand, California, Australia and South Africa also achieved much success, though widely known wines in these regions have the same general characteristics as fruit flavor quite different from bold Burgundy. This grape variety has the thin skin, growing in small bunches.

Pinot Noir has a vital role as one of three grape which is widely grown in the Champagne. The youngest are often the characteristic taste of red fruit flavors, plum blueberries, strawberries and chocolate. Alcohol also more mature horse hair smell, the smell of fur, farm smell, smell the smell of fertilizer and compost. That is great!

Syrah or Syraz

Origins: Rhône Valley, particularly in the north. Grown in Australia and in some other countries.

Features: Syrah is the grape that some famous wines in the northern Rhône valley, not only in Côte Rotie (this area many slopes, hot) and Cornas and Hermitage but also Croze – Hermitage. In Australia most people who drink are all familiar with the name of this Syrah, it is also found in inexpensive wines to wines of a farm like Penfolds, once treated as Hermitage.

This grape variety shell out high tannin wines with an animal and can be perennial. Late-ripening, so it is suitable for places with warmer weather as the Rhône and Australia. However, it also is grown in South Africa, Chile and California. Its taste can be similar to the fruity black, black pepper, but it gave the smell of raspberry, spice, and mint smell, the smell of barbecue, charcoal, smoke and tar. As an adult, it can add a special rubber smell northern Rhône.


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Specificities of American Grape Wine

Since the man discovered how to make wine from several thousand years ago, the wine is the companion of man in both the happy and sad moments. We usually drink wine in meetings, festivals, wedding ceremonies, holidays and religious facilities.

Wine is the alcoholic beverage which is fermented from grapes, grains (rice, barley …) or vegetables (potatoes, apples …). Among them, the most preferred and popular type of wine is the grape wine. Let’s find out the specificities of American grape wine in this article.

The grape wine was divided into three categories: Wine (vin in French), Cognac and Champagne.


Wine is an alcoholic beverage fermented from grape juice. Red wines are usually fermented grape juice and rind while white wine is fermented grape juice only. One feature of the wine is fermented without distillation. Alcohol concentrations range from 8-18 degrees. American grape wines are generally classified according to the origin and the type of grape.


Cognac is a brandy, 40% alcohol, produced in the Cognac region of France, is distilled from wine fermentation, after an incubation period in oak barrels before being brought bottled and sold around the world great.

Cognac, after twice distilled and spicy white wine due to very high concentrations, often above 40% alcohol. Cognac people have proof distilled liquor in the Tonneaux barrel with the 350-liter capacity, was closed by a special type of oak forests that grow in the mountains at the north of Limousin Cognac region.

The tree must be aged over 100 years to be lowered down. These young plants than for wine quality is not guaranteed. Cooper sawing wood into a rectangular plate, drying in the shade after 3 years to close the barrels sold to the distillery. Deputy of oak wood are fine grain, waterproof and contains tannins, substances key to the flavor and color of special Cognac, not mixed with other wines in the world.

After the wine in barrels, wine barrels are numbered in the order and put the wine in, then transferred to the Chais. Tunnel as far as possible, because it contains less oxygen does not make the wine was sour. After a fairly long duration, the wine will be taken out of the bucket, bottle. Based on the number of years has written on the wine barrel when put into comparison with the year for wine, the company will record the age of the wine on the label of the products sold in the market.


Champagne is a sparkling wine, a concentration of 10-12%, which is fermented twice, first in wooden barrels, then extracted into the bottle, add sugar and fermented in the bottle.  Particularly the wooden barrels of wine containers have a special cap system, opens play online with enough time to exit without CO2 gas for other gasses to penetrate. When grapes ferment, people mix sugar, then decanted into bottles, placed upside down and incubated in sealed tunnels, from 3 to 6 years to bring to the market consumers.

Currently, there are three types of Champagne market: non-sweet type (brut), slightly sweet (demi-sec) and sweet (doux). Today Champagne makers draw stars as symbols on the labels of wine bottles as 1 star is 3 years, 4 years 2 star, 3-star and 5 years. The wines produced in other parts not called champagne, only to be called sparkling (vin mousseux, sparkling wine)


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